The Public-Root system is the
only reliable technology that supports universal resolvability
eliminating domain name conflicts. Universal resolvability means
a user will get the same answer to the same query from any computer
or device on the global Internet. Universal resolvability is
of critical important to the proper operation of the Internet
and the Domain
Name System (DNS).
The INAIC secures the universal resolvability of Top-Level
Domains (TLDs) in the Public-Root through first come first serve
(FCFS) delegations. INAIC incorporates the TLD delegation guidelines
of the Internet
Engineering Task Force (IETF) RFC 1591 Domain Name System
Structure and Delegation, by Dr. Jon Postel. Dr. Postel was
the former root developer and administrator under contract to
the United States government.
The INAIC applies standard FCFS domain delegation rules to
all TLD requests. This means that the same rules apply to all
requests. All TLD requests are processed in a non-discriminatory
fashion and all TLD managers or administrators are treated as
The INAIC specifications and rules on the construction of a
TLD label attempt to be as general as possible. This allows
for a quick response time on TLD delegations while avoiding
conflicts and ensuring universal resolvability of TLDs in the
The INAIC will delegate any combination of alphanumeric characters
including the “-“ hyphen symbol as a TLD. The INAIC
TLD labels follow the rules established for ARPANET host names.
The labels must start with a letter, end with a letter or digit,
and have as interior characters only letters, digits, and hyphens.
TLD labels must be 63 characters or less. While upper and lower
case letters are allowed in TLDs no significance is attached
to the case. Two labels with the same spelling but different case shall be treated
as being identical or equal.
Two character TLDs will not be delegated by the INAIC. Two
letter labels are reserved as country code identifiers under
3166. The INAIC will delegate two character codes only to
a competent government authority associated with that code.
ISO 3166 country code TLDs will not be delegated by the INAIC
to a government authority if a designated TLD manager already
exists for that code. The INAIC's ISO 3166 policy recognizes
existing legacy country code TLD delegations to ensure universal
resolvability of the ISO 3166 code while allowing for the delegation
of new unused codes.
The INAIC recognizes the TLD administrator or TLD Registrant
as the designated authority and trustee of the TLD. The INAIC
delegations grant a Registrant the right to administer the TLD
and the published zone data establishes its creation date.
The INAIC does not act as a judicial authority or dispute resolution
body. The INAIC recognizes that TLDs represent valuable electronic
and intellectual property assets on the global Internet. In
the event of a dispute as to the rights to a particular TLD
label the INAIC shall have no role or responsibility other then
to provide contact information to both parties.
The INAIC encourages contending parties to reach agreement
amongst themselves. The INAIC will take no action to change
any TLD unless all the contending parties agree. The TLD manager
or registrant is the only recognized authority with the right
to make changes to the delegation of any TLD.
It is up to the party making an application for a TLD to ensure
that the intellectual or electronic property rights of third
parties are not violated.
The INAIC rules and policies respecting the delegation of TLDs
restore to the global Internet the stability and universal resolvability
principles necessary to the proper operation of the DNS.